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Feature Article

Appropriate nutrition and diet after MI

YEE-MING CHEUNG, Sharon Marks

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Abstract

Many people who have had a myocardial infarction continue to consume a low-quality diet. Educating patients on the principles behind evidence-based high-quality diets rather than providing prescriptive dietary plans will equip them to minimise their future risk.

Key Points

  • Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide.
  • Modest weight reduction in individuals after myocardial infarction (MI) reduces all-cause mortality and subsequent acute cardiovascular events.
  • High-quality diets reduce all-cause and cardiovascular mortality after MI.
  • Health practitioners should focus on educating patients who have had an MI on the principles behind weight reduction and evidence-based quality diets such as the Alternative Healthy Eating Index 2010 or the Mediterranean diet, rather than prescriptive dietary plans.

    Picture credit: © udra11/stock.adobe.com

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